In this tutorial, you will build a simple Todo Manager with Vue and Nhost. The Todo Manager will allow users to sign in using a Magic Link and manage their own Todos with attachments.

Setup Nhost Backend

In this section, you will create and setup your first Nhost project.

Create project

Create a new project in the Nhost Dashboard.

Enter the details for your project and wait a couple of minutes while Nhost provisions your backend infrastructure:

  • Dedicated PostgreSQL
  • Realtime APIs over your data
  • Authentication for managing your users
  • Storage for handling files

Create table todos

On the project’s dashboard, navigate to Database and create a new table called todos.

Database

You can either copy and paste the following SQL into the SQL Editor, Database -> SQL Editor, or manually create the table by clicking on New Table.

  • SQL Editor

  • UI

Copy and paste the following SQL into the SQL Editor and press Run.

Please make sure to enable Track this so that the new table todos is available through the auto-generated APIs
SQL
CREATE TABLE public.todos (
  id uuid DEFAULT gen_random_uuid() NOT NULL,
  created_at timestamptz DEFAULT now() NOT NULL,
  updated_at timestamptz DEFAULT now() NOT NULL, 
  title text NOT NULL,
  completed bool DEFAULT 'false' NOT NULL,
  file_id uuid,
  user_id uuid NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (id),
  FOREIGN KEY (file_id) REFERENCES storage.files (id) ON UPDATE SET NULL ON DELETE SET NULL,
  FOREIGN KEY (user_id) REFERENCES auth.users (id) ON UPDATE SET NULL ON DELETE SET NULL 
); 

You should now see a new table called todos on the left panel, above New Table.

Set permissions for todos

It’s now time to set permission rules for the table you just created. With the table todos selected, click on , followed by Edit Permissions.

You will set permissions for the user role and actions insert, select, update, and delete.

  • insert

  • select

  • update

  • delete

Click on the right cell for the user role and action insert and set permissions as follows: User Insert

Set permissions for files

The files table is managed by Nhost and is defined on the storage schema. Click on the dropdown right next to schema.public and choose schema.storage.

With the files table selected, click on , followed by Edit Permissions.

As before, we want to set permissions for the user role and actions insert, select, delete.

  • insert

  • select

  • delete

Click on the right cell for the user role and action insert and set permissions as follows: User Insert

To enable Magic Links, navigate to your project’s Settings -> Sign-In Methods, toggle Magic Link, and save.

Recap

1

Nhost project created

2

Database todos created

3

Permissions set for todos and files

4

Magic Link enabled

Setup Vue Application

Now that we have Nhost configured, let’s move on to setup the Vue application and the Nhost client.

Create Vue Application

Run the following command in your terminal to create a Vue application using Vite.

Terminal
npm create vue@latest nhost-vue

Install Nhost Vue package

To install Nhost’s Vue package, run the following command.

Terminal
cd nhost-vue && npm install @nhost/vue

Configure the Nhost Client

Create a new file ./src/lib/nhost.js with the following code to create a Nhost client. Replace <subdomain> and <region> with the values for the project you created earlier.

./src/lib/nhost.js
import { NhostClient } from "@nhost/vue";

export const nhost = new NhostClient({
  subdomain: "<SUBDOMAIN>",
  region: "<REGION>"
});
The project’s subdomain and region can be found in the Nhost Dashboard under Project Info

Setup Sign In Component

It is time to setup a new React component to handle the login functionality. Your users will be able to sign in using a Magic Link and without a password.

Create a new file ./src/SignIn.vue for the Sign In component with the following content:

./src/SignIn.vue
<template>
  <div>
    <h1>Todo Manager</h1>
    <p>powered by Nhost and Vue</p>
    <form @submit.prevent="handleSignIn">
      <div>
        <input type="email" placeholder="Your email" v-model="email" required />
      </div>
      <div>
        <button :disabled="loading">
          <span v-if="loading">Loading</span>
          <span v-else>Send me a Magic Link!</span>
        </button>
      </div>
      <p v-if="error">{{ error.message }}</p>
    </form>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { ref } from "vue";
import { useSignInEmailPasswordless } from "@nhost/vue"; 

export default {
  setup() {
    const email = ref("");
    const { signInEmailPasswordless, error } = useSignInEmailPasswordless();
    const loading = ref(false);

    const handleSignIn = async () => {
      loading.value = true;
      const { error } = await signInEmailPasswordless(email.value);
      if (error) {
        console.error({ error });
        loading.value = false;
        return;
      }
      loading.value = false;
      alert("Magic Link Sent!");
    };

    return { email, handleSignIn, loading, error };
  },
};
</script>

Setup Todos Component

Now that users can sign in, go ahead and create the authenticated page that lists a user’s todos and has a form for managing todos with attachments.

./src/Todos.vue
<template>
  <div class="container">
    <div class="form-section">
      <h2>Add a new TODO</h2>
      <form @submit.prevent="handleCreateTodo">
        <div class="input-group">
          <label for="title">Title</label>
          <input
            id="title"
            type="text"
            placeholder="Title"
            v-model="todoTitle"
          />
        </div>
        <div class="input-group">
          <label for="file">File (optional)</label>
          <input
            id="file"
            type="file"
            @change="handleFileChange"
          />
        </div>
        <div class="submit-group">
          <button type="submit" :disabled="!todoTitle">
            Add Todo
          </button>
        </div>
      </form>
    </div>
    <div class="todos-section">
      <div
        class="todo-item"
        v-for="todo in todos"
        :key="todo.id"
      >
        <input
          type="checkbox"
          :checked="todo.completed"
          :disabled="todo.completed"
          :id="`todo-${todo.id}`"
          @change="() => completeTodo(todo.id)"
        />
        <span v-if="todo.file_id">
          <a @click="() => openAttachment(todo)">Open Attachment</a>
        </span>
        <label :for="`todo-${todo.id}`" class="todo-title">
          <s v-if="todo.completed">{{ todo.title }}</s>
          <span v-else>{{ todo.title }}</span>
        </label>
        <button type="button" @click="() => handleDeleteTodo(todo.id)">
          Delete
        </button>
      </div>
      <div class="todo-item" v-if="loading">
        <label class="todo-title">Loading...</label>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { ref, onMounted } from 'vue';
import { useNhostClient, useFileUpload } from '@nhost/vue'; 

const getTodos = `
  query {
    todos {
      id
      title
      file_id
      completed
    }
  }
`;

const createTodo = `
  mutation($title: String!, $file_id: uuid) {
    insert_todos_one(object: {title: $title, file_id: $file_id}) {
      id
    }
  }
`;

const deleteTodo = `
  mutation($id: uuid!) {
    delete_todos_by_pk(id: $id) {
      id
    }
  }
`;

export default {
  setup() {
    const { nhost } = useNhostClient();
    const { upload } = useFileUpload();
    const todos = ref([]);
    const todoTitle = ref('');
    const todoAttachment = ref(null);
    const loading = ref(true);

    const fetchTodos = async () => {
      loading.value = true;
      const { data, error } = await nhost.graphql.request(getTodos);

      if (error) {
        console.error({ error });
        return;
      }

      todos.value = data.todos;
      loading.value = false;
    };

    onMounted(fetchTodos);

    const handleCreateTodo = async () => {
      let todo = { title: todoTitle.value };
      if (todoAttachment.value) {
        const { id, error } = await upload({
          file: todoAttachment.value,
          name: todoAttachment.value.name
        });

        if (error) {
          console.error({ error });
          return;
        }

        todo.file_id = id;
      }

      const { error } = await nhost.graphql.request(createTodo, todo);

      if (error) {
        console.error({ error });
      }

      todoTitle.value = '';
      todoAttachment.value = null;
      fetchTodos();
    };

    const handleDeleteTodo = async (id) => {
      if (!window.confirm('Are you sure you want to delete this TODO?')) {
        return;
      }

      const todo = todos.value.find((t) => t.id === id);
      if (todo && todo.file_id) {
        await nhost.storage.delete({ fileId: todo.file_id });
      }

      const { error } = await nhost.graphql.request(deleteTodo, { id });
      if (error) {
        console.error({ error });
      }

      fetchTodos();
    };

    const completeTodo = async (id) => {
      const { error } = await nhost.graphql.request(
        `
        mutation($id: uuid!) {
          update_todos_by_pk(pk_columns: {id: $id}, _set: {completed: true}) {
            completed
          }
        }
        `,
        { id }
      );

      if (error) {
        console.error({ error });
      }

      fetchTodos();
    };

    const openAttachment = async (todo) => {
      const { presignedUrl, error } = await nhost.storage.getPresignedUrl({
        fileId: todo.file_id
      });

      if (error) {
        console.error({ error });
        return;
      }

      window.open(presignedUrl.url, '_blank');
    };

    return {
      todos,
      todoTitle,
      todoAttachment,
      loading,
      handleCreateTodo,
      handleDeleteTodo,
      completeTodo,
      openAttachment
    };
  },
};
</script>

With both SignIn and Todos in place, update ./src/App.vue to use the new components:

./src/App.vue
<template>
  <Todos v-if="session" :session="session" />
  <SignIn v-else />
</template>

<script>
import { ref, onMounted } from 'vue';
import SignIn from './SignIn.vue';
import Todos from './Todos.vue';
import { useNhostClient } from '@nhost/vue';

export default {
  components: { SignIn, Todos },
  setup() {
    const session = ref(null);
    const { nhost } = useNhostClient()

    onMounted(() => {
      session.value = nhost.auth.getSession();
      nhost.auth.onAuthStateChanged((_, newSession) => {
        session.value = newSession;
      });
    });

    return { session };
  },
};
</script>

The last step missing is to install nhost as a plugin:

./src/main.js
import "./assets/main.css";
import { nhost } from "./lib/nhost";

import { createApp } from "vue";
import App from "./App.vue";

createApp(App).use(nhost).mount("#app");

The End

Run the Todo Manager with:

Terminal
npm run dev -- --open --port 3000

Open your browser on localhost:3000 to see your new application in action.